Straddling stocks are fish stocks that pass through more than one exclusive economic zone or are in more than one exclusive economic zone. The agreement was adopted in 1995 and entered into force in 2001.  The Agreement on Straddling Fish Stocks (formally the Agreement on the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 concerning the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks) is a multilateral treaty established by the United Nations to improve the cooperative management of fishery resources in large areas. and are of economic and environmental importance to a number of nations. As of December 2016, the treaty has been ratified by 91 parties, including 90 states and the European Union.  The Agreement provides for the application of the precautionary approach and ecosystem approaches for the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks, as well as the compatibility of measures established for the high seas and those adopted for areas under national sovereignty. The agreement underlines the crucial role of regional fisheries organisations and agreements as mechanisms for international cooperation with regard to straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks. compilation of recommendations and information adopted at the 2006 Review Conference on the Implementation of recommendations of States and regional fisheries management organizations and agreements – Note by the Secretariat In addition, the Agreement recognizes the importance of monitoring, control, follow-up and implementation of fisheries policy and provides for enhanced flag State obligations and cooperation on implementation; including boarding and flood inspection. Sources of assistance available to developing countries and the needs of developing countries for capacity-building and assistance in the conservation and management of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks Compilation prepared by the Secretariat From 22 to 26 The Review Conference, held in New York on 10 May 2006, was instructed to assess the effectiveness of the Agreement in ensuring the conservation and management of straddling and highly migratory stocks, through a review and assessment, the adequacy of their provisions and, where appropriate, proposals for ways to strengthen the content and methods of implementation of those provisions, in order to address the persistent problems of conservation and management of those stocks.
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